Back and Neck Pain

Over 80% of us will experience back pain at some point in our lives. Up to a third of the UK adult population will be affected by back pain each year. You are not alone!

Many types of problem arise from injury to the complex interplay of joints, nerves and soft tissues in the spine.

Sciatica  Pain affecting the back, hip, and outer side of the leg, caused by compression of a spinal nerve root in the lower back, often as a result of degeneration of an intervertebral disc. However, it is more common for buttock/thigh pain to be caused by muscles and joints in the spine referring the pain downwards

Intevertebral Disc  Shock-absorbing pads between the spinal joints. A disc bulge or prolapse “slipped disc” is when the soft jelly centre of the disc is squeezed through micro tears in the fibrous protective outer casing of the disc. This can then press on nerves and soft tissues causing back and sciatic pain. The disc takes several weeks to heal, and this depends on good self-management, keeping as active as possible but avoiding aggravating postures and manoeuvres

Sitting with a prolonged flexed posture, lifting with a bent back, pulling a heavy object, for example when gardening, or even getting out of bed too quickly can all result in disc injury. It is often the cumulative effect of the above that eventually results in the onset of back pain


Spondylosis  Degenerative disc disease caused by aging of the disc

Stenosis  Narrowing of the joint spaces within your spine, which can put pressure on the nerves that travel through the spine to your arms and legs. Often caused by degeneration and reduced height of the discs and tends to become more of a problem in older age. It often causes a problem when walking and you may find yourself leaning over to relieve your pain. Sitting is usually more comfortable than standing

Lumbago Pain arising from the muscles and joints of the lower back

Facet Joint pain  The facet joints in the spine are prone to wear-and-tear (arthritis) damage, which may lead to inflammation and pain. You may get pain when you do movements that close down these joints, such as twisting backwards or to the side

Sacroiliac pain  Pain at the base of your spine, to the back of your pelvis. Problems often first occur in pregnancy, but could be caused, for example, by a heavy fall onto your bottom